Author Topic: What is Upper respiratory tract infections or URTI or URI?  (Read 265 times)

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Offline ChinitoDr

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What is Upper respiratory tract infections or URTI or URI?
« on: November 09, 2008, 08:38:04 PM »
Upper respiratory tract infections, (URTI or URI), are the illnesses caused by an acute infection which involves the upper respiratory tract: nose, sinuses, pharynx or larynx.

Signs and symptoms

Acute upper respiratory tract infections include rhinosinusitis (common cold), sinusitis, pharyngitis/tonsillitis, laryngitis and sometimes bronchitis. Symptoms of URTI's commonly include nasal congestion, cough, running nose, sore throat, fever, facial pressure and sneezing. Onset of the symptoms usually begins after 1-3 days after exposure to a microbial pathogen, most commonly a virus. The duration of the symptoms is typically 7 to 10 days but may persist longer.
Up to 15% of acute pharyngitis cases may be caused by bacteria, commonly Group A streptococcus in Streptococcal pharyngitis ("Strep Throat"). Generally, patients with strep throat start with a sore throat as their first symptom and usually do not have runny nose or cough or sneezing.
Pain and pressure of the ear caused by a middle ear infection (Otitis media) and the reddening of the eye caused by Viral Conjunctivitis are often associated with upper respiratory infections.
Influenza (the flu) is a more systemic illness which can also involve the upper respiratory tract.


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What is Upper respiratory tract infections or URTI or URI?
« on: November 09, 2008, 08:38:04 PM »
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