Author Topic: What is Pneumonia?  (Read 226 times)

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Offline ChinitoDr

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What is Pneumonia?
« on: November 09, 2008, 08:43:09 PM »
Pneumonia is a serious infection of the small bronchioles and alveoli that can involve the pleura. It occurs in a variety of situations and treatment must vary according to the situation. [7] It is classified as either community or hospital acquired depending on where the patient contracted the infection. It is very life-threatening in the elderly or people with illnesses that affect the immune system (diabetes). [9][10] The most common treatment is antibiotics and these vary in their adverse effects and their effectiveness. [9] Pneumonia is also the leading cause of death in children less than fives years of age. [11] The most common cause of pneumonia is pneumococcal bacteria, Streptococcus pneumoniae accounts for 2/3 of bacteremic pneumonias. [12] A dangerous type of lung infection with a mortality rate of around 25%. [10] For optimal management of a pneumonia patient the following must be assessed;- pneumonia severity (including where to treat eg. Home, hospital or intensive care), identification of causative organism, analgesia of chest pain, the need for supplemental oxygen, physiotherapy, Hydration, bronchodilators and possible complications of emphysema or lung abscess.

For community acquired respiratory infections the appropriate use of fluoroquinolones is a therapeutic option. These have been demonstrated to have targeted in vitro activity against both the typical and atypical pathogens of interest.[14][15] The newer fluoroquinolones (eg, moxifloxacin or gatifloxacin) have extended gram +ve activity and once daily dosing and hence are potential first line in the treatment of lower respiratory tract infections.[3] However it is clinical response that is the best indicators of efficacy and moxifloxacin or gatifloxacin have been proven to be effective against community acquired respiratory tract infections clinically.


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What is Pneumonia?
« on: November 09, 2008, 08:43:09 PM »
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