Author Topic: Can HIV cause skin rashes or skin problems?  (Read 347 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Offline LAD

  • Full Member
  • ***
  • Posts: 1628
  • Rate this post: +0/-0
Can HIV cause skin rashes or skin problems?
« on: December 05, 2008, 01:25:31 AM »
I thought asking this in the forum...

Can HIV cause skin rashes or skin problems?

GreenBodyTalk.com

Can HIV cause skin rashes or skin problems?
« on: December 05, 2008, 01:25:31 AM »
Travel Sale Mountain View

Offline PinoyNurse

  • Jr. Member
  • **
  • Posts: 779
  • Rate this post: +0/-0
Re: Can HIV cause skin rashes or skin problems?
« Reply #1 on: December 05, 2008, 01:31:50 AM »
Hi Lad, just thought sharing this....don't immediately associate rashes with HIV..but since you are asking more if this is related to HIV then read below..



CAUSES
General: In addition to HIV itself, the most common causes of rash and fever in HIV patients are allergic drug reactions, infections, and a cancer called Kaposi's sarcoma (KS).
Acute HIV infection: The first stage of HIV, known as the primary or acute infection, may cause symptoms of fever and skin rash. This is because the virus is multiplying rapidly in the body and infecting immune cells. This phase generally lasts several weeks. An estimated 80-90% of HIV patients experience flu-like symptoms, including fever, skin rash, sore throat, enlarged lymph nodes, and cough.
Drug reactions: Some HIV patients may develop allergic reaction to medications. This happens when the body overreacts to a substance in the medication. During an allergic reaction, the body mistakes a substance in the medication for a harmful invader, such as bacteria, and launches an attack. While any type of medication can potentially trigger an allergic reaction, antibiotics such as penicillin are the most common trigger. Anti-HIV drugs (antiretrovirals) may also cause an allergic reaction. A skin rash and fever are symptoms of a severe and potentially life threatening allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. If not treated immediately, this reaction can lead to shock, unconsciousness, and death.
Some patients may develop a severe skin rash called Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) as an allergic reaction to medications. SJS is potentially life threatening because, in severe cases, lesions can develop on the internal organs and cause scarring, which often leads to loss of function of the organ systems.
Infections: HIV patients are vulnerable to infections because the virus infects and destroys the immune system. Many types of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites may cause illnesses with symptoms of skin rash and fever. Among the most common infections to cause such symptoms are staphylococcus, gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes virus, chicken pox, bacterial meningitis (infection of the membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord), a viral infection called fifth disease, human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis B (liver infection), cryptococcus, histoplasmosis, pneumocystis, scabies, and parasitic infections called leishmaniasis.
Kaposi's sarcoma: A cancer called Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) may cause fever and rash in HIV patients. This cancer develops in connective tissues, such as bone, cartilage, fat, blood vessels, muscle, or tissues related to tendons or ligaments. Patients typically suffer from lesions on the skin, which appear as raised blotches or lumps that may be purple, brown, or red.
SYMPTOMS
General: The duration and severity of fever and rash in HIV patients vary, depending on the cause. Additional symptoms may also be present, depending on the cause.
Fever: Patients who have a fever may experience chills, increased sweating, shivering, and warm skin.
Rash: There are many different forms of rashes, which vary in their appearance, location, severity, and duration. Some rashes may contain blisters, flat or raised bumps, pimples, or dry or flaky skin. The skin may be red and/or itchy. If the skin itches, it is called pruritus. The amount of skin affected may be limited to an isolated area, or it may affect multiple areas of the body.
DIAGNOSIS
General: A fever and rash are easily identified during a physical examination. However, because they are symptoms of an underlying medical condition, the cause must be identified in order to treat the patient. During a physical examination, a healthcare provider will take a careful medical and social history to determine the underlying cause. Medical tests may be necessary.
Physical examination and medical history: The healthcare provider will assess how long the patient has had the rash, as well as gather information regarding history of allergies, infections, or other skin diseases. It is important to know any change in medications, especially if the patient has taken a new drug, herb, or supplement.
Allergen-specific immunoglobulin (IgE) test: An allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) test, commonly referred to as radioallergosorbent test (RAST®), may be used to determine whether the patient is allergic to particular substances, such as medications or foods. Currently, more than 550 allergens are available for determinations.
This test is less accurate than a skin test. It is usually performed in patients who also have severe skin diseases (such as eczema or psoriasis) that make it difficult to interpret a skin test. During the procedure, a sample of the patient's blood is sent to a laboratory for testing. The allergen is combined with the blood to determine whether the patient has immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies to the allergen. Antibodies are substances that identify and bind to foreign invaders in the body. If the patient has IgE antibodies, an allergy is diagnosed.
Biopsy: A biopsy is the only definitive diagnostic test for Kaposi's sarcoma. During the procedure, a sample of tissue is taken from the patient. The tissue sample may be taken from the skin (punch biopsy), gastrointestinal tract (endoscopic biopsy), tissue that lines the lungs and the inside of the chest wall (pleural biopsy), or lung tissue (transbronchial biopsy). The sample is then analyzed under a microscope for cancerous cells. If cancerous cells are present, Kaposi's sarcoma is diagnosed.
Blood test: A blood tests may be performed to determine whether the patient has a bacterial or viral infection. The patient's blood sample is analyzed under a microscope for bacteria or viruses.
KOH (potassium and hydroxide) preparation: A KOH (potassium and hydroxide) preparation test is used to determine whether a fungal infection is causing the symptoms. During this test, a healthcare provider will gently scrape the skin with a blunt edge (such as the edge of a microscope slide). The sample of scraped skin is then combined with a substance called potassium hydroxide (KOH). This solution allows the healthcare provider to see the fungus (if it is present) under a microscope.
This procedure is not usually painful because only a tiny amount of skin is needed. Patients may feel a slight pressure sensation when the skin is scraped.
Skin test: A skin test may be used to determine whether the rash is caused by an allergic reaction. During the test, the skin is exposed to the suspected allergens that may be triggering an allergic reaction and observed for an allergic reaction. If the allergen triggers an allergic reaction, the patient will develop reddening, swelling, or a raised, itchy red wheal (bump) that looks similar to a mosquito bite. The healthcare provider will measure the size of the wheal and record the results. The larger the wheal, the more severe the allergy.
Tzanck test: A tzanck test is used to determine whether a viral infection called herpes is causing the symptoms. The virus may be suspected if the patient has a rash that contains blisters. During the procedure, a small area of the skin is numbed, and a blister is opened. The healthcare provider will scrape a small sample of the fluid and skin from the blister, and it will be analyzed under a microscope for the virus. If the virus is present, a positive diagnosis for herpes is made.

Offline medboy

  • Newbie
  • *
  • Posts: 199
  • Rate this post: +0/-0
Re: Can HIV cause skin rashes or skin problems?
« Reply #2 on: February 21, 2010, 05:07:33 PM »
Itchy skin rashes are very common in people with HIV
infection. The medical term for itch is pruritus. The
specific cause of the itch may be related to HIV-induced
immunosuppression or, less commonly, to specific organ
disease resulting from opportunistic infections, cancer, or
non-HIV related illness. The incidence of many of the
diseases which cause itch increases as the T-helper cell
(CD4) count decreases, thus itch is often associated with
more severe immunocompromise.


Offline PinoyNurse

  • Jr. Member
  • **
  • Posts: 779
  • Rate this post: +0/-0
Re: Can HIV cause skin rashes or skin problems?
« Reply #3 on: February 21, 2010, 05:37:49 PM »
well there are some people who go through to some skin conditions like this one...
facing molluscum



credits: cdc.gov

 

Related Topics

  Subject / Started by Replies Last post
6 Replies
491 Views
Last post December 24, 2016, 08:40:57 AM
by pentingsekali
1 Replies
497 Views
Last post July 28, 2012, 06:50:16 PM
by jam04
0 Replies
1434 Views
Last post December 13, 2009, 12:35:06 AM
by Bubbles
1 Replies
374 Views
Last post April 03, 2010, 07:10:58 PM
by rocksmart8020
0 Replies
574 Views
Last post August 25, 2010, 09:52:30 AM
by safehealthmedicine


Posting Disclaimer

The GreenBodyTalk.com Website is not a replacement for professional medical treatment, cure, or diagnosis. When experiencing any health related problem or making changes to existing treatment, it is always suggested to consult medical advices only to qualified health professional. All the posts made to these forums express only the views and opinions made by the respective authors, and do not represent the official opinions of GreenBodyTalk, its administrators, moderators, editorial staff, health contributors, and the GreenBodyTalk Management as a whole. GreenBodyTalk is merely acting as an impartial conduit for constitutionally protected free speech and hence GreenbodyTalk Forum and its principals will accept no liabilities or responsibilities for the statements or posts made.This page was last updated on November 2, 2008. Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Advertising Disclaimer

We are not related to and do not endorse any product or service being advertised on the site.

Locations of visitors to this page
Google-Translate-Chinese (Simplified) BETA Google-Translate-English to French Google-Translate-English to German Google-Translate-English to Italian Google-Translate-English to Japanese BETA Google-Translate-English to Korean BETA Google-Translate-English to Russian BETA Google-Translate-English to Spanish
Powered by
+ Grab this widget
Some rights reserved. Copyright 2008-2014 Greenbodytalk.com