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Offline ChinitoDr

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Complete Blood Count (CBC) What you need to know
« on: March 31, 2009, 07:25:37 AM »
   
Complete Blood Count (CBC)

The complete blood count (CBC) is probably one of the most frequently performed lab tests. This test gives the physician a great deal of information about the general health of the patient. The complete blood count can help the physician diagnose a large number of conditions, and aid in the ultimate diagnosis of many other problems:

1. LEUKEMIA (white blood cell disorder)

2. LYMPHOMA (white blood cell disorder)

3. ANEMIA (low hemoglobin and red cell count)

4. THROMBOCYTOPENIA (a low platelet count secondary to drug side effect, vitamin deficiency, or bone marrow disease)

5. INFECTION (shows increase in white blood cells)

6. GENERAL INFLAMMATION (shows increase in white blood cells)

7. NEUTROPENIA (low white blood cell count)

This test is performed from a standard venipuncture specimen.

APPROXIMATE NORMAL VALUES (Adult)

Hemoglobin (grams/deciliter): 12-16 (Women) and 14-18 (Men) Hematocrit (expressed as a percent of the blood volume that is occupied by red blood cells):

Men 40% to 54%

Women 37% to 47%

Children 31% to 41%

Newborns 44% to 64%

White Blood Cell Count: 4,500 - 11,000 (per cubic millimeter). Slightly higher counts are normal in children.

Causes of Low White Blood Cell Counts (Neutropenia)

1. Aplastic anemia

2. Leukemia

3. Myelodysplastic syndromes

4. Drug induced (chemotherapeutic agents, chloramphenicol, penicillins, sulfa drugs, phenothiazines, and anti-inflammatory agents)

5. Nutritional deficiency (vitamin B12 and folate)

6. Infection (TB, measles, mononucleosis, viral hepatitis, malaria, histoplasmosis, and HIV)

7. Autoimmune disease (lupus and rheumatoid arthritis)

8. Hemodialysis

9. Cardiopulmonary bypass

10. Overwhelming sepsis (bacterial infection in the bloodstream)

11. Myelofibrosis

Red Blood Cell Count: 4.6-6.2 million per cubic millimeter in Men and 4.2-5.4 million per cubic millimeter in Women.

RED BLOOD CELL INDICES

The following red blood cell indices are determined to help diagnose the cause of anemia.

MCV = Mean Corpuscular Volume - This is a measurement of the size of an average red cell. It is useful in the evaluation of anemia. Normal values should be in the range of 80 - 96 cubic microns (cu u).

MCH = Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin - This index describes the weight of hemoglobin in an average red cell. Normal values should be in the range of 27 -31 picograms (pg).

MCHC = Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration - This index describes the amount of hemoglobin in an average red cell. Normal values should be in the range of 32% - 36%.

EXAMPLES

Iron Deficient Anemia Pernicious Anemia

MCV 60 - 80 cu u 95 - 150 cu u

MCH 5 - 25 pg 33 - 53 pg

MCHC 20% - 30% 33% - 38%

Platelet Count: 150,000-400,000 per cubic millimeter are considered a normal range.

White Blood Cell Differential (percentages of the different types of white blood cells that comprise the total white blood cell count): Neutrophils 47% to 77% (elevated in infection, inflammation, and stress)

Bands 0% to 3% (elevated in some cases of bacterial infection)

Lymphocytes 16% to 43% (elevated in some cases of viral infection and some leukemias)

Monocytes 0.5% to 10% (elevated in some viral and fungal infections, lupus, cancer, and tuberculosis)

Eosinophils 0.3% to 7% (elevated in allergic conditions, some cancers, some leukemias, and autoimmune disease)

Basophils 0.3% to 2% (elevated in some leukemias, some cancers, and hypothyroidism)

credits: http://www.health-care-information.org/medical-tests/complete-blood-count.htm


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Complete Blood Count (CBC) What you need to know
« on: March 31, 2009, 07:25:37 AM »
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Offline rpmolecule

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Re: Complete Blood Count (CBC) What you need to know
« Reply #1 on: July 23, 2009, 10:47:17 PM »
i see ..kaya pala mataas yung eosonophils ko...allergic siguro ako..kasi ubo ako ng ubo pero pag mataas ang eosonophils..tataas din ang lymphocytes count and white blood cells?


Offline PinoyNurse

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Re: Complete Blood Count (CBC) What you need to know
« Reply #2 on: April 20, 2017, 05:37:57 PM »
Pagkukuhanan kayo ng CBC. eto normally yung composition ng blood.

Hemoglobin – Dito malalaman kung may anemia o kulang sa pula ng dugo ang isang tao. Ang hemoglobin ay nakikita sa Red Blood Cells (RBC) at ito ang naghahawak ng oxygen sa loob ng RBC. Ito rin ang nagbibigay ng kulay na pula sa dugo. Kapag mababa sa normal ang bilang nito, madalas nakakaramdam ng pagkahilo at panghihina ang pasyente. Kakikitaan din ng pamumutla at pagkatamlay ang mga anemic. Kapag mataas naman sa normal ang hemoglobin, ilang dahilan rin ang maaring sanhi gaya ng pagkasira ng elementong RBC sa dugo. Ito ay tinatawag na hemolysis (“hemo-”-dugo, “-lysis”- pagkasira). Maari rin namang kulang sa tubig o dehydrated ang pasyente noong siya ay kinuhanan ng dugo.

Hematocrit – ito ang porsyentong binubuo ng RBC sa pangkalahatang elemento ng dugo. Sa kaso ng dengue, kalimitang mataas ang tala ng hematocrit. Ang pagtaas o pagbaba ng hematocrit ay maaring may kinalaman din sa hydration ng pasyente, o sakit sa bato (Kidney disease).

White Blood Cells (WBC) – Ito ang mga elemento na lumalaban sa mga impeksyon kung kaya’t pag mataas ang bilang nito, nangangahulugan ito ng aktibong impeksyon. Kung masyadong mababa ang bilang, ito ay nakasasama dahil ibig sabihin, mas madaling kapitan ng sakit ang pasyente kasi kaunti lamang ang elementong panlaban ng katawan. Tinatawag natin ang mga pasyenteng masyadong mababa ang WBC na immunocompromised— ibig sabihin may kahinaan ang resistensya ng pasyente na labanan ang mga mikrobyo kaya madali siyang mahawahan ng sakit. Kung masyado naman mataas ang WBC, bukod sa impeksyon, maari rin itong dahil sa isang uri ng kanser sa dugo, Leukemia.

Platelet Count – ang platelet ay isang elemento na tumutulong sa pagpapamuo ng dugo. Ang halaga nito ay mas makikita kung ang isang tao ay nasugatan. Platelet ang siyang dahilan kung bakit tumitigil ang pagdaloy ng dugo sa sugat at kalaunan ay namumuo. Kapag masyadong mababa ang bilang nito, mas madaling duguin at magkapasa ang pasyente. Kalimitang kakikitaan ang pasyente ng pulang “rashes” sa ilang bahagi ng katawan. ·Platelet count rin ang isang parameter na binabantayan kapag may dengue. Kung masyado namang mataas ang platelet, ibig sabihin ay mas mataas ang tyansang mamuo ang dugo kahit sa loob ng katawan. Maaari itong magkumpol at mamuo ng blood clots na sanhi ng pagbabara sa daluyan ng dugo (blood vessel).

Marami pang mga bagay ang sinusukat sa CBC at ang bawat isa ay makakatulong upang malaman ang kalagayan ng pasyente. Ang mga nabanggit ay ilan lamang sa pinakapangunahing tinitignan tuwing pinapagawa ang laboratoryong ito. Ang CBC ay maaring ipaulit madalas depende sa karamdaman. Maari rin namang ilang parameter lamang ang hilingin ng inyong doktor sa ibang pagkakataon gaya ng hematocrit, hemoglobin, at platelet kapag nagsususpetsa o nagmomonitor ng dengue. Mahalaga ang CBC upang masubaybayan ang pagbuti o pagsama ng kalagayan ng isang pasyente. Maraming impormasyon ang makukuha rito. Kung may mga katanungan sa ilang numero o resulta, huwag mahiyang itanong sa doktor ang ibig sabihin ng mga ito. Malugod na maipapaliwanag ng inyong doktor ang resulta ng CBC para sa ikakapanatag ng inyong isip.

Offline LAD

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Re: Complete Blood Count (CBC) What you need to know
« Reply #3 on: April 20, 2017, 05:38:51 PM »
Saan pwede magpakuha ng CBC ? Meron bang libre?

Offline berto

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Re: Complete Blood Count (CBC) What you need to know
« Reply #4 on: April 20, 2017, 05:40:11 PM »
@Lad ... mura kung kukuha ka ng CBC sa mga Laboratories kesa sa mga clinics.. alam ko 350 pesos lang sya
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