Author Topic: Iba't Ibang klaseng sakit sa balat  (Read 34948 times)

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Offline PinoyNurse

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Iba't Ibang klaseng sakit sa balat
« on: May 05, 2010, 05:35:34 AM »
Hello po.. gusto ko lang po sana ishare itong nadiscover ko....

marami kasi sa atin ang hindi alam at ibat ibang uri ng sakit sa balat..and i thought compiling this in one post.... sana makatulong sa mga nag reresearch dyan....

Macules are flat, nonpalpable lesions usually < 10 mm in diameter. Macules represent a change in color and are not raised or depressed compared to the skin surface. A patch is a large macule. Examples include freckles, flat moles, tattoos, port-wine stains, and the rashes of rickettsial infections, rubella, measles, and some allergic drug eruptions.

Papules are elevated lesions usually < 10 mm in diameter that can be felt or palpated. Examples include nevi, warts, lichen planus, insect bites, seborrheic and actinic keratoses, some lesions of acne, and skin cancers. The term “maculopapular” is often loosely and improperly used to describe many red skin rashes; because this term is nonspecific and easily misused, it should be avoided.

Plaques are palpable lesions > 10 mm in diameter that are elevated or depressed compared to the skin surface. Plaques may be flat topped or rounded. Lesions of psoriasis and granuloma annulare commonly form plaques.

Skin Lesion (Macule)

Skin Lesion (Papule)

Skin Lesion (Plaque)

Skin Lesion (Vesicle)

Skin Lesion (Bullae)

Skin Lesion (Pustule)

Skin Lesion (Urticaria)

Skin Lesion (Scales)


Nodules are firm papules or lesions that extend into the dermis or subcutaneous tissue. Examples include cysts, lipomas, and fibromas.

Vesicles are small, clear, fluid-filled blisters < 10 mm in diameter. Vesicles are characteristic of herpes infections, acute allergic contact dermatitis, and some autoimmune blistering disorders (eg, dermatitis herpetiformis).

Bullae are clear fluid-filled blisters > 10 mm in diameter. These may be caused by burns, bites, irritant or allergic contact dermatitis, and drug reactions. Classic autoimmune bullous diseases include pemphigus vulgaris and bullous pemphigoid. Bullae also may occur in inherited disorders of skin fragility.

Pustules are vesicles that contain pus. Pustules are common in bacterial infections, folliculitis, and may arise in some inflammatory diseases including pustular psoriasis.

Urticaria (wheals or hives) is characterized by elevated lesions caused by localized edema. Wheals are a common manifestation of hypersensitivity to drugs, stings or bites, autoimmunity, and, less commonly, physical stimuli including temperature, pressure, and sunlight. The typical wheal lasts < 24 h.

Scales are heaped-up accumulations of horny epithelium seen in diseases such as psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, and fungal infections. Pityriasis rosea and chronic dermatitis of any type may be scaly.

Crusts (scabs) consist of dried serum, blood, or pus. Crusting can occur in inflammatory or infectious skin diseases (eg, impetigo).

Erosions are open areas of skin that result from loss of part or all of the epidermis. Erosions can be traumatic or can occur with various inflammatory or infectious skin diseases. An excoriation is a linear erosion caused by scratching, rubbing, or picking.

Ulcers result from loss of the epidermis and at least part of the dermis. Causes include venous stasis dermatitis, physical trauma with or without vascular compromise (eg, from decubitus ulcers, peripheral arterial disease), infections, and vasculitis.

Petechiae are nonblanchable punctate foci of hemorrhage. Causes include platelet abnormalities (eg, thrombocytopenia, platelet dysfunction), vasculitis, and infections (eg, meningococcemia, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, other rickettsioses).

Purpura is a larger area of hemorrhage that may be palpable. Palpable purpura is considered the hallmark of leukocytoclastic vasculitis. Purpura may indicate a coagulopathy. Large areas of purpura may be called ecchymoses or, colloquially, bruises.

Atrophy is thinning of the skin, which may appear dry and wrinkled, resembling cigarette paper. Atrophy may be caused by chronic sun exposure, aging, and some inflammatory and/or neoplastic skin diseases, including cutaneous T-cell lymphoma and lupus erythematosus. Atrophy also may result from long-term use of potent topical corticosteroids.

Scars are areas of fibrosis that replace normal skin after injury. Some scars become hypertrophic or thickened and raised. Keloids are hypertrophic scars that extend beyond the original wound margin.

Telangiectasias are a focus of small, permanently dilated blood vessels that are most often idiopathic but may occur in rosacea, systemic diseases (especially scleroderma), or inherited diseases (eg, ataxia-telangiectasia, hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia) or after long-term therapy with topical fluorinated corticosteroids.

Secondary Morphology (Configuration)
Configuration is the shape of single lesions and the arrangement of clusters of lesions.

Linear lesions take on the shape of a straight line and are suggestive of some forms of contact dermatitis, linear epidermal nevi, and lichen striatus.

Skin Lesion (Annular)

Skin Lesion (Nummular)

Skin Lesion (Target)

Skin Lesion (Herpetiform)

Annular lesions are rings with central clearing. Examples include granuloma annulare, some drug eruptions, some dermatophyte infections (eg, ringworm), and secondary syphilis.

Nummular lesions are circular or coin-shaped; an example is nummular eczema.

Target (bull's-eye or iris) lesions appear as rings with central duskiness and are classic for erythema multiforme.

Serpiginous lesions have linear, branched, and curving elements. Examples include some fungal and parasitic infections (eg, cutaneous larva migrans).

Reticulated lesions have a lacy or networked pattern. Examples include cutis marmorata and livedo reticularis.

Herpetiform describes grouped papules or vesicles arranged like those of a herpes simplex infection.

Zosteriform describes lesions clustered in a dermatomal distribution similar to herpes zoster.

Some skin lesions have visible or palpable texture that suggests a diagnosis.

Verrucous lesions have an irregular, pebbly, or rough surface. Examples include warts and seborrheic keratoses.

Lichenification is thickening of the skin with accentuation of normal skin markings; it results from repeated rubbing.

Induration, or deep thickening of the skin, can result from edema, inflammation, or infiltration, including by cancer. Indurated skin has a hard, resistant feeling. Induration is characteristic of such skin diseases as panniculitis, some skin infections, and cutaneous metastatic cancers.

Skin Lesion (Verrucous)

Skin Lesion (Lichenification)

Umbilicated lesions have a central indentation and are usually viral. Examples include molluscum contagiosum and herpes simplex.

Xanthomas, which are yellowish, waxy lesions, may occur with a lipid disorder.

Location and Distribution
It is important to note whether

Lesions are single or multiple
Particular body parts are affected (eg, palms or soles, scalp, mucosal membranes)
Distribution is random or patterned, symmetric or asymmetric
Lesions are on sun-exposed or protected skin
Although few patterns are pathognomonic, some are consistent with certain diseases.

Psoriasis frequently affects the scalp, extensor surfaces of the elbows and knees, umbilicus, and the gluteal cleft.

Lichen planus frequently arises on the wrists, forearms, genitals, and lower legs.

Vitiligo may be patchy and isolated or may group around the distal extremities and face.

Chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus has characteristic lesions on sun-exposed skin of the face, especially the forehead, nose, and the conchal bowl of the ear.

Hidradenitis suppurativa involves skin containing a high density of apocrine glands, including the axillae, groin, and under the breasts

Red skin (erythema) can result from many different inflammatory or infectious diseases. Cutaneous tumors are often pink or red. Superficial vascular lesions such as port-wine stains may appear red.

Orange skin is most often seen in hypercarotenemia, a usually benign condition of carotene deposition after excess dietary ingestion of ?-carotene.

Yellow skin is typical of jaundice, xanthelasmas and xanthomas, and pseudoxanthoma elasticum.

Green fingernails suggest Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection.

Violet skin may result from cutaneous hemorrhage or vasculitis. Vascular lesions or tumors, such as Kaposi's sarcoma and hemangiomas, can appear purple. A lilac color of the eyelids or heliotrope eruption is characteristic of dermatomyositis.

Shades of blue, silver, and gray can result from deposition of drugs or metals in the skin, including minocycline

, amiodarone

, and silver (argyria). Ischemic skin appears purple to gray in color. Deep dermal nevi appear blue.

Black skin lesions may be melanocytic, including nevi and melanoma. Black eschars are collections of dead skin that can arise from vascular infarction, which may be caused by infection (eg, anthrax, angioinvasive fungi including Rhizopus, meningococcemia), calciphylaxis, arterial insufficiency, or vasculitis.

Other Clinical Signs
Dermatographism is the appearance of an urticarial wheal after focal pressure (eg, stroking or scratching the skin) in the distribution of the pressure. Up to 5% of normal patients may exhibit this sign, which is a form of physical urticaria.

Darier's sign refers to rapid swelling of a lesion when stroked. It occurs in patients with urticaria pigmentosa or mastocytosis.

Nikolsky's sign is epidermal shearing that occurs with gentle lateral pressure on seemingly uninvolved skin in patients with toxic epidermal necrolysis and some autoimmune bullous diseases.

Auspitz sign is the appearance of pinpoint bleeding after scale is removed from plaques in psoriasis.

Koebner phenomenon describes the development of lesions within areas of trauma (eg, caused by scratching, rubbing, injury). Psoriasis frequently exhibits this phenomenon, as may lichen planus.

Offline ilovecar

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Re: Iba't Ibang klaseng sakit sa balat
« Reply #1 on: January 29, 2011, 10:10:30 PM »
ang dami palang sakit sa balat ano?

Offline LAD

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Re: Iba't Ibang klaseng sakit sa balat
« Reply #2 on: February 06, 2011, 11:01:29 AM »
alam mo kung bakit?

kasi eto ang exposed sa harmful elements sa environment.. dirt from air, water, solid materials.

Offline mae22

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Re: Iba't Ibang klaseng sakit sa balat
« Reply #3 on: June 29, 2011, 09:49:29 AM »
hi got problem with my skin now after4 months of sunbathing cant say it's sun burn kasi hindi naman mahapdi  tas sa tummy ko lang naman its looks like para sayng napasu ng ng sigarilyo  hindi din sya makati may nakaranas na badito nun ano po pwede ko ehh gamot pllllls


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Re: Iba't Ibang klaseng sakit sa balat
« Reply #4 on: June 29, 2011, 05:15:13 PM »
saludo sa'yo @Pinoynurse

Offline Bubbles

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Re: Iba't Ibang klaseng sakit sa balat
« Reply #5 on: March 31, 2012, 05:37:33 PM »
hi got problem with my skin now after4 months of sunbathing cant say it's sun burn kasi hindi naman mahapdi  tas sa tummy ko lang naman its looks like para sayng napasu ng ng sigarilyo  hindi din sya makati may nakaranas na badito nun ano po pwede ko ehh gamot pllllls

nakapagpatingin ka na ba sa doctor sis? baka naman allergy lang sya ?

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Offline MrDenzio

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Re: Iba't Ibang klaseng sakit sa balat
« Reply #6 on: April 03, 2012, 09:24:18 PM »
Good Evening... Sir.. meron lan po sana ako itanong. Ito po ay tungkol sa skin disease na meron ako. One year na ito just this month.Pwedi bako makahingi ng email ad niyo..nais ko po sanang  isend itong mga photos ko. salamat ng marami.

Offline Bubbles

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Re: Iba't Ibang klaseng sakit sa balat
« Reply #7 on: April 05, 2012, 02:45:15 PM »
Hi Mr Denzio, baka naman pwede mo ishare dito yung photos? para makita din namin.. baka makatulong kami

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Offline MrDenzio

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Re: Iba't Ibang klaseng sakit sa balat
« Reply #8 on: April 14, 2012, 11:30:00 AM »
Good day...ito ang sa mga kamay ko..this is how it looks kung malapit na magheal yung mga sugat. Nagsisimula ito sa pag-scratch ko dahil sa sobrang kati lalo na pang nakagat ng insects. After each bite or scrath lumalala siya namumula at first and then ...ang tagal din actually ang healing niya.. Naisip ko tuloy na parang mahina yata ang balat takes 2-3 weeks bago mag dry ang wound... kati na tsaka sa dalawang paa ko rin meron na. Ang ginagawa ko ngayon, gumagawa ako ng way ng di makagat ng insects or magscratch ng balat ko dahil sa kati. At tsaka gumamit na rin ako ng SSA soap, clobe and sulfur per prescription ng derma ko... Mag 1 year na rin ang situation na ito.. I am seeking sana words kasi gusto ko na maheal ito totally.. nahihiya nako sa balat ko... I cant wear shorts sleeves na because kitang kita ang peklat at wound.. Please help me guys..Thank you in advance!

Offline MrDenzio

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Re: Iba't Ibang klaseng sakit sa balat
« Reply #9 on: April 14, 2012, 11:31:47 AM »
At di na rin ako naniwala sa ngayon na ito ay dahil sa insect bites lang, parang iba ehh,,,post ko ng iilang pics pa...thanks


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